Cultural Heritage Program includes 9 researchers involving Physical, Chemical, Geological and Biological Science with Archaeology. The main objective of the Cultural Heritage Program is to carry out state-of-the art research dedicated to the development and application of scientific methods for “reading the past“ in order to extract Historical, Cultural, Social and Environmental information. A further objective is to address major new challenges in the international community regarding the further integration of scientific study in archaeology view to the conservation of tangible cultural heritage.
The main research topics are:
- Archaeological Material Science (especially Provenance and Technology of Ceramics, Lithic, Vitreous, Metal and Composite Materials; Origin of raw material)
- Geo-Archaeology (Interaction between Humans and Environment; Paleoenvironmental Reconstruction; and Diagnosis, Assessment of degradation-erosion of ancient monuments)
- Bio-Archaeology (mainly isotope geochemistry studies for the investigation of bio-geo-chemical processes; Paleodiet study)
- Dating Techniques
- Conservation discipline (particularly Development of conservation materials for the restoration and conservation of monuments).
This program provides in-house access to powerful analytical technique: Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry (IRMS-GagBench-Flash EA), Luminescence (TL) and Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL), Radiocarbon, electron Microscopy (SEM, TEM), surface analysis (EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray fluorescence.
This program aims to make a significant contribution to the education (MSc, PhD) and to the scientific understanding of societal and economical issues such as environment, energy assessment, and chemical and isotopical fingerprint of natural products.