8th  Workshop on "Current trends in Molecular and Nanoscale Magnetism"

Rhodes, Greece 27-31 May 2019

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Rhodes: The Island of the Knights

Rhodes is the largest of the Dodecanese islands of Greece with a population of 115000. The principal town of the island and seat of the municipality is Rhodes with ca. 50000 inhabitants. It is located northeast of Crete, southeast of Athens and just off the Anatolian coast of Asia Minor.

  

 Notable historical figures of Rhodes.

Ancient times

Cleobulus from Lindos. 6th century BC. One of the seven sages of Ancient Greece. One of the most famous and popular quotes until today: (Π Α Ν)  Μ Ε Τ Ρ ΟΝ   Α Ρ Ι Σ Τ Ο Ν (free translation:  moderation is the best thing). 

                                             

Guillaume Rouille - Promptuarium Iconum Insigniorum (1553)

Diagoras of Rhodes from Ialysos. 5th century BC. Boxer, twice winner in the Olympic Games. Father and grandfather of Οlympic winners.

 

Christophe-Thomas Degeorge, "Diagoras porté en triomphe par ses fils", 1814, (Clermont-Ferrand, musée d'art Roger-Quilliot)

Die, Diagoras; you will not ascend to Olympus besides

 

Memnon of Rhodes (c. 380 – 333 BC). Greek commander in the service of the Persian Achaemenid Empire. He served the Persian king and was the toughest defender of the Persian Empire during the invasion of the Macedonians and other Greeks under Alexander the Great.

Coinage of Memnon of Rhodes, Mysia. Mid 4th century BC.

Diognetus (late 4th century BC) An architect from Rhodes who successfully neutralized Helepolis, a siege tower used by Demetrius I Macedon for the capture of Rhodes during the Rhodes siege, 305-304 BC.

Model of a Helepolis, (Thessaloniki Science Center and Technology Museum) 

Hipparchus (190 - 120 BC). Born in Nicaea, Asia Minor, died in Rhodes. Astronomer, geographer mathematician. Founder of trigonometry and famous for the discovery of the precession of the equinoxes

Hipparchus observing the sky from Alexandria (Aus fernen Welten by Bruno H. Brugel Hermann Göll, 1876)

 

Late Middle Ages:

Foulques de Villaret . 25th Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller. The first in Rhodes (1305 - 1319 AD)

Foulques de Villaret, 25e grand-maître de l' ordre de Saint-Jean de Jérusalem , Eugène Goyet, early 1840's, oil on canvas. Salle des Croisades, Versailles.

 

Pierre d' Aubusson. 40th Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller in Rhodes (1476–1503 AD). Under his commands the Knights of Rhodes successfully defended Rhodes from an Ottoman invasion during the reign of Mehmed the Conqueror (1480 AD)

Bombard-Mortar of the Knights of Hospitaller , Rhodes, 1480–1500. This is the largest known bombard in history. Founded at the request of Pierre d'Aubusson, the bombard was used for close defense of the walls (100–200 meters). It fired 260 kg granite balls. The bombard weighs 3325 kg. Musée de l'Armée, Les Invalides, France.

Kurtoglu Muslihiddin Reis (1487 - 1535 AD). Admiral of the Ottoman empire, leading figure in the siege and conquest of Rhodes in 1522. Sanjak Bey (provincial governor) of Rhodes.

Suleiman the Magnificent, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire during the conquest of Rhodes in 1522. Portrait attributed to Titian ca.1530, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Gemäldegalerie, Vienna.

 

Modern era:

Giovanni Ameglio (1854-1921). Italian Lieutenant General, commander of the Italian troops during the Battle of Rhodes (1912) which ended almost 400 years of Ottoman rule.

 

The Palazzo del Governatore in downtown Rhodes, built in 1927 in Venetian style during the Italian Occupation. It now houses the offices of the Prefecture of the Dodecanese. By Bernard Gagnon

 

Gabriel Haritos (1907-1990). Lawyer and politician. The first elected mayor of Rhodes (1946) under Greek administration (officially 1947).

 

Mayor Gabriel Haritos and Rhodians celebrating the transfer of Dodecanese islands to Greece (1947)